Table 1—

Cognitive domains and their relationship to cognitive functions tested in practice

Cognitive domainDescriptionCognitive functions
ReceptiveComplex sensory reception: central analysis, integration and encoding of stimuliPerception
Perception: integration of sensory information into psychologically meaningful constructs, including recognition, discrimination and orientationConstruction
Learning and memoryImplicit (non-declarative) memory: memory of skills and perceptual learningMemory and learning
Declarative memory: relating to information, objects and eventsVerbal/language
ProcessingThe ability to relate two or more pieces of information. Includes computation, reasoning, concept formation, abstraction, organisation, planning and problem solvingMemory and learningVerbal/languageReasoningExecutive function
Expressive functionThe physical expression of cognitive processes (verbal, writing and drawing, manipulation, gestures and movements)ConstructionReasoningExecutive functionMotor function
Mental activity variablesAttention and consciousness. Not classes of cognition per se. Facilitate cognitive processesPerceptionMemory and learningConstructionReasoningExecutive functionMotor functionProcessing speed
  • It is important to note that no classification of sub-divisions and domains of cognition is universally accepted; the one presented here is one of many.