Table 28—

Recommendations for pulmonary arterial hypertension(PAH) associated with HIV infection

StatementClass#Level
Echocardiography is indicated in patients with unexplained dyspnoea to detect HIV-related cardiovascular complicationsIC
In patients with PAH associated with HIV infection, the same treatment algorithm as in patients with IPAH should be considered, taking into consideration comorbidities and drug–drug interactionsIIaC
Anticoagulation is not recommended in patients with increased risk of bleedingIIIC
  • IPAH: idiopathic PAH. #: class of recommendation; : level of evidence.