Table 1—

Cytokine measurements in 46 paired samples taken within 10 days

Baseline sample ng·mL−1Paired sample ng·mL−1Variation of paired samples ng·mL−1p-value#
VEGF0.53 (0.16–2.10)0.40 (0.16–2.16)0.00±0.900.831
TNF-α0.05 (0.02–0.08)0.05 (0.02–0.08)0.00±0.040.763
MCP-1/CCL20.80 (0.45–2.01)0.85 (0.55–2.69)-0.66±3.120.076
TGF-β17.72 (5.57–17.14)6.82 (5.15–15.01)0.90±8.260.965
TGF-β20.08 (0.03–0.23)0.07 (0.03–0.20)0.07±0.230.050
IL-8/CXCL80.30 (0.10–1.06)0.36 (0.14–0.91)0.02±2.970.391
  • Data are presented as median (25th–75th percentile) or mean±sd, unless otherwise stated. VEGF: vascular endothelial growth factor; TNF-α: tumour necrosis factor-α; MCP: macrophage chemoattractant protein; CCL2: chemokine (c-c motif) ligand 2; TGF-β: transforming growth factor-β; IL: interleukin; CXCL8: CXC chemokine 8. #: Wilcoxon signed rank test.