Table 3—

Functional characteristics of tuberculosis(TB) surveillance systems in 19 low-incidence developed countries

CountryTB reporting system independenceLab result capture#Type of TB systemCapture of treatment outcomesIndicator for DOTFrequency at national levelCompleteness of reporting %
Data analysisData publication
AustriaIndependentYesSurveillance and case managementYesNoAnnuallyAnnually100
AustraliaIntegrated+YesSurveillance and case managementYesNoAnnuallyAnnually98
BelgiumIndependentYesSurveillance and case managementYesNoAnnuallyAnnually90
CanadaIndependentYesSurveillance and case managementYesYesAnnuallyAnnually100
Czech RepublicIndependentYesSurveillance and case managementYesYes6-monthly6-monthly99
DenmarkIntegrated§YesSurveillance and case managementYesNo6-monthlyAnnually100
FinlandIntegrated§YesSurveillance and case managementNoNoQuarterlyAnnually95
FranceIndependentYesSurveillance and case managementNoNoAnnuallyAnnually65
GermanyIntegrated§YesSurveillance and case managementYesNoAnnuallyAnnually95
IrelandIndependentYesSurveillance aloneYesNoQuarterlyAnnually95
IsraelIndependentYesSurveillance and case managementYesNoAnnuallyAnnually99
ItalyIndependentPartlySurveillance aloneNoNo6-monthlyAnnually80
The NetherlandsIntegrated§YesSurveillance and case managementYesYesQuarterlyAnnually90
New ZealandIntegrated§YesSurveillance and case managementYesYesMonthlyMonthly96
NorwayIntegrated§YesSurveillance and case managementYesNoQuarterlyAnnually95
SwedenIntegrated§YesSurveillance and case managementYesYesAnnuallyAnnually95
SwitzerlandIntegrated§YesSurveillance aloneNoNoAnnuallyAnnually95
UKIndependentYesSurveillance and case managementYesNoƒAnnually##Annually95
USAIndependentYesSurveillance and case managementYesYesAnnuallyAnnually95
  • Lab: laboratory; DOT: directly observed therapy. #: by national system, e.g. drug susceptibility testing and restriction fragment length polymorphism results; : National Tuberculosis Control Programme estimate; +: with other systems; §: with other reporting system; ƒ: Scotland has indicator for DOT; ##: Northern Ireland analyses data quarterly.