Table 2—

Basic mechanics of tuberculosis(TB) surveillance systems in 19 low-incidence developed countries

CountryResponsible for reportReport makerPenalty for not reportingDirect incentive for reporting levelRequired notification time daysReporting time# daysFashion of data reporting to national levelLocation of TB report verificationLevel deciding on recurrent case
AustriaPhys., labPhys., lab, PHANoNo11–2Case-by-caseNationalNational
AustraliaPhys., labPhys., lab, PHAYesNo1, various30BatchedProvincialNational
BelgiumPhys., labPhys., nurse, lab, insurerNoNo2+7Batched (annually)NationalLocal
CanadaPhys., labPhys., labYesNoNL3Batched (weekly)ProvinceProvince
Czech RepublicPhys., labPhys., labYesNo12Case-by-caseRegionalLocal
DenmarkPhys., labPhys.YesNoNL14Case-by-caseNationalNational
FinlandPhys., labPhys., labNoNo321Case-by-caseLocalLocal
FrancePhys., labPhys., labNoNoNL10Batched (annually)NationalNational
GermanyPhys., labPhys., labYesNo13Case-by-caseNationalNational
IrelandPhys., labPhys., labYesYes320Case-by-caseNationalLocal
IsraelPhys., labPhys., nurse, labYesNo12Case-by-caseNationalLocal
ItalyPhys., nurse, labPhys., labNoNoNL1Batched (monthly)RegionalLocal
The NetherlandsPhys.Phys., labYesNo17Case-by-caseLocalNational
New ZealandPhys.Phys., nurse, labNoNoNL3Batched (monthly)RegionalLocal
NorwayPhys., labPhys., labNoNoNL20Case-by-caseNationalNational
SwedenPhys., labPhys., labNoNo1NECase-by-caseNationalNational
SwitzerlandPhysician, labPhys., labYesNo714Case-by-caseNationalNational
UKPhys.§Phys., nurse, labYesYesNLNEƒBatched (annually)##LocalLocal
USAPhys., labPhys., nurse, labNoNo2NEBatched (monthly)NationalLocal
  • Phys.: physician; lab: laboratory; PHA: public health authority; NL: no limits; NE: not estimated. #: estimate by National Tuberculosis Programme manager of mean time taken; : varies between jurisdictions; +: only in Flemish part of country; §: Scotland also requires reporting from pathologists, nurses and Labs; ƒ Northern Ireland estimated the time of notification to be 7 days; ##: Scotland and Northern Ireland report case by case.