Table 4—

Odds ratio for death and need for post-hospital support at discharge on multivariate logistic regression analysis#

Risk of deathPost-hospital support need
Females versus males2.2 (1.4–3.4)
Age ≥70 yrs4.5 (1.6–12.1)3.4 (2.1–5.5)
Clinical signs of severity at entry
 Cyanosis1.5 (0.7–3.0)1.6 (1.0–2.6)
 Neurological impairment5.1 (2.4–10.8)3.3 (1.6–6.7)
 Lower limb oedema1.0 (0.4–2.0)1.0 (0.5–1.5)
 Asterixis1.7 (0.6–4.3)0.7 (0.3–1.7)
 Use of inspiratory accessory muscles2.6 (1.1–6.2)1.6 (1.0–2.7)
 Expiratory use of abdominal muscles0.9 (0.4–1.9)1.2 (0.7–2.0)
Baseline dyspnoea grade
 0–11.01.0
 2–33.6 (0.7–16.5)1.3 (0.7–2.2)
 4–56.5 (1.4–29.3)2.0 (1.1–3.6)
  • Data are presented as odds ratio (95% confidence interval). #: when all clinical signs of severity are individually integrated into the model.