Table 8—

Characteristics of studies on timing of tracheostomy

First author [Ref.]YrStudy topicDesignSubjects nPatient characteristicsComparator in prospective studies
Rumbak 1692004Early versus lateRCT120Medical ICU<2 days versus 12–14 days
Bouderka 1722004Early versus lateRCT62Head injuryTracheostomy day 5 versus orotracheal tube
Saffle 1732002Early versus lateRCT44BurnsMean 4 days versus 14.8 days post-burn
Teoh 1742001Early versus lateRetrospective30Neurological ICU
Brook 1752000Early versus lateProspective observational90Medical ICU<Day 11
Maziak 1761998TimingSystematic review
Armstrong 1771998Early versus lateRetrospective157Blunt trauma
Koh 1091997Timing of tracheostomyRetrospective17Neurosurgical ICU
Sugerman 1681997Early versus lateRCT155Trauma3–5 days versus 10–14 days
Blot 1781995Early versus lateRetrospective53Neutropaenia
D'Amelio 1791994Early plus PEG versus lateProspective case series31Head injury≤7 days versus >7 days
Lesnik 1801992Early versus lateRetrospective101Blunt trauma
Rodriguez 1671990Early versus lateRCT106Blunt trauma1–7 days versus >7 days
Dunham 1661984Early versus lateRCT74Blunt trauma
Stauffer 1601981Early tracheostomy versus orotracheal tubeRCT150Mixed medical/surgicalTracheostomy day 5 versus orotracheal tube
El-Nagger 1811976Early tracheostomy versus orotracheal tubeRCT52Acute respiratory failureTracheostomy day 3 versus orotracheal tube
  • RCT: randomised controlled trial; ICU: intensive care unit; PEG: percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy.