Table 3—

Cytokines investigated in pleural effusions and corresponding mesothelioma cell lines

Detected#Mean PF±sd:mean SN±sd
PF ↑↑
SN ↑↑
  • For cytokine abbreviations see table 1. PF: pleural fluid; SN: cell line supernatant. ↑↑: strong increase; ↑: moderate increase; ↔: equally expressed in PF and SN. #: cytokines that were not detected were BLC, Ck-β-8-1, EGF, eotaxin, eotaxin-3, FGF-4 to -9 Flt-3 ligand, fractalkine, GCP-2, GCSF, GDNF, GM-CSF, GRO-α, I-309, IFN-γ, IGF-1, IL-1α, -1β and -2 to -16, LIF, LIGHT, MCP-2 to -4, MCSF, MDC, MIG, NT-3 and -4, PDGF-B, SCF, SDF-1, TARC, TGF-β1 and -β3, TNF-α and -β, and TPO. *: p<0.05.