Table 3—

Characteristics of 162 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) patients with adequate empirical therapy who were ventilated >24 h

VariableCOPD patients who died during ICU stayCOPD patients who survived in ICUp-valueOR (95% CI)
Subjects47115
Age yrs69.0±7.766.2±11.00.11
APS16.2±12.210.8±8.7<0.01
Males39 (82.9)101 (87.8)0.57
Comorbidities
 Smoker30 (63.8)71 (61.7)0.941.09 (0.54–2.21)
 Chronic heart disease22 (46.8)48 (41.7)0.671.23 (0.62–2.43)
 Alcoholism16 (34.0)32 (27.8)0.551.34 (0.64–2.77)
 Stroke8 (17.0)5 (4.3)0.014.51 (1.39–14.60)
Shock42 (89.4)40 (34.7)<0.0115.80 (5.77–43.00)
Empyema1 (2.1)3 (2.6)0.700.81 (0.08–8.01)
Bacteraemia12 (25.5)13 (11.3)0.042.69 (1.12–6.44)
Bilateral pneumonia31 (66.0)26 (22.6)<0.016.63 (3.15–14.00)
Mechanical ventilation47 (100.0)73 (63.4)<0.01NA
  • Data are presented as n, mean±sd or n (%), unless otherwise stated. ICU: intensive care unit; OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval; APS: acute physiological score of Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation II score; NA: not applicable.