Table 2—

Workplaces and occupational settings with beryllium exposure identified by occupational case history

Occupational beryllium exposureCBDExposed sensitised healthyExposed nonsensitised healthySarcoidosis exposed
Individuals347650
Dental technician/dentist13 (7/6)1 (1/0)4 (4/0)10 (6; 4)
Engine development/mechanics/ automobile industry2 (1/1)2 (2/0)1 (1/0)7 (7/0)
Brass alloys, beryllium-containing alloys#4 (4/0)1 (1/0)14 (8/6)
Metallurgic factory2 (1/1)4 (1/3)
Aircraft production and maintenance3 (2/1)2 (2/0)
Nonsparking tools1 (1/0)1 (1/0)1 (1/0)
Radiation shielding1 (0/1)1 (1/0)
Military vehicle armour2 (1/1)
Fluorescent lamps2 (1/1)
Microelectronics/electrical relays1 (1/0)1 (1/0)8 (6/2)
Chemical industry1 (1/0)
Engraving of gems1 (1/0)
Ore mining1 (1/0)1 (1/0)
Grinding of optical lenses for precision instruments1 (1/0)1 (1/0)
Indirect+2 (2/0)
  • Data are presented as total n (patients in Germany/patients in Israel). CBD: chronic beryllium disease. #: galvanic industry, ship yards, metal processing; : additive to glass, ceramics, plastics/catalyst; +: i.e. contaminated garments.