Table 2—

Last individual cardiopulmonary characteristics measured within 6 months before death in 11 patients who died with diurnal mouthpiece intermittent positive pressure ventilation(MIPPV)

Patient No.DeathDelayLungHeartPCFLiving place
CauseAge yrsMIPPV yrsVC mLMIP cmH2OLEF %Spont. L·min-1Assisted L·min-1
1LOS27.83.024082436127Inst
2LOS35.82.837072966114Inst
3LOS21.30.830062948176Inst
4ARF22.77.525085652154Fam
5ARF25.30.7430144889145Fam
6SUD24.21.76301845123310Fam
7ARF21.42.6520144393156Fam
8SUD27.03.57602039128256Fam
9LOS24.45.9290113348218Fam
10LOS24.41.111402330160240Fam
11#TRACH21.20.2386183438187Fam
Mean±sd25.0±4.22.7±2.3483±27213±637±1080±42189±60
  • VC: vital capacity; MIP: maximal inspiratory pressure; LEF: left ejection fraction; PCF: peak cough flows, measured spontaneously (Spont.) and assisted (Assisted) with air-stacking combined with manual chest compression; LOS: low output syndrome; ARF: acute respiratory failure; SUD: sudden death; TRACH: tracheostomy complication; Inst: living in institution; Fam: living with family; #: patient undergoing tracheostomy.