Table 1—

Clinical characteristics of patients with sudden-onset respiratory symptoms occurring ≥1 month following lung surgery (group A)

First author [ref.]Case No.SurgerySymptomless interval monthsShunt causePosture-dependent
Schnabel 31RP1PFO+
Winters 42RP3ASD+
Begin 93RP2ASD+
Wranne 104LP1PFO+
Holtzman 115RP1.5ASD
LaBresh 126LP5ASD+
Roos 137LP2PFO+
Springer 148RL4PFO+
Seward 159RP7PFO+
10LP5PFO+
11RP1#PFO+
12LP11PFO+
Franco 1613RP4PFO+
Wihlm 514RP2PFO+
van Rossum 1715RP3PFO+
16RP2PFO+
17RP4PFO+
18RP27PFO+
Smeenk 1819LP2PFO+
Darremont 1920RP3PFO+
Buss 2021RP6PFO+
Timmermans 2122RP1ASA+
23RP1ASD+
Mercho 2224RP6PFO+
25RP12PFO+
Landzberg 2326RL31PFO+
27THOR15PFO+
28RL3PFO+
Arnaud-Crozat 2429LP6ASD
Durand 2530LP5ASD
Bakris 2631RP3PFO+
32RP3PFO+
Vincent 2733RP6PFO+
Danner 2834RP3PFO+
35RP3PFO+
Marini 2936RP5PFO+
  • RP: right pneumonectomy; LP: left pneumonectomy; RL: right lobectomy; THOR: thoracotomy; PFO: patent foramen ovale; ASD: atrial septal defect; ASA: atrial septal aneurysm; +: posture-dependent dyspnoea; -: posture-independent dyspnoea. #: 10 yrs after diagnosis of right-to-left shunt.