Table 4—

Healthcare resource utilisation during the study period

TiotropiumPlacebop-value
Patients with at least one hospitalisation %5.66.5ns
Hospitalisations per patient per yr0.11 (0.03)0.15 (0.05)ns
Hospital days per patient per yr1.53 (0.54)1.68 (0.54)ns
Unscheduled physician visits per patient per yr1.3 (0.1)2.2 (0.3)<0.05
Phone calls per patient per yr0.9 (0.2)1.9 (0.4)<0.05
Patients requiring additional medication during exacerbation %30.542.5<0.0001
Oral steroid courses per patient per yr0.93 (0.13)1.22 (0.15)<0.01
Oral steroid course duration days per patient per yr5.9 (0.8)8.2 (1.0)<0.01
Antibiotic courses per patient per yr1.32 (0.13)2.01 (0.22)<0.001
Antibiotic course duration days per patient per yr11.0 (1.1)16.6 (1.8)<0.001
  • Data are presented as mean (se). ns: nonsignificant.