Table. 2—

Comparison of all-cause hospitalisation(s) between study groups in the year preceding enrolment and for 2 yrs' follow-up

Preceding yearStudy year2nd yr follow-up
Self-managementStandard careSelf-managementStandard careSelf-managementStandard care
Admissions n12613389148104132
Patient-yrs n969593.989.786.279.9
Hospitalisations·patient-yr−11.301.400.951.651.211.65
Reduction in hospitalisations·patient-yr−1#−0.10 (−0.27–0.07)−0.70 (−0.95– −0.46)−0.44 (−0.68– −0.21)
Treatment difference %−6.3−42.6−26.9
  • #: reduction in the rate of all-cause hospitalisations in the self-management group as compared to the standard-care group (95% confidence interval); : differences were calculated by dividing the absolute difference between groups by the standard-care group value.