Table. 3—

Factors associated with both tuberculosis(TB) and HIV co-infection in prisoners

VariableLevelsHIV+ve prisoners nHIV-ve prisoners nRR (95% CI)
Clinical
 Losing weightYes432730.63 (0.43–0.92)
No109434
 FeverYes451511.55 (1.04–2.29)
No107555
 SOBYes724200.62 (0.44–0.88)
No80290
 Previous lung diseaseYes1274822.42 (1.54–3.83)
No25230
 Chest painYes883521.39 (0.98–1.98)
No64356
Treatment types
 Previously on treatmentYes963821.44 (1.00–2.06)
No57326
 On anti-TB relapse treatmentYes18342.61 (1.43–4.75)
No136670
Previous medical history
 Liver diseaseYes451674.90 (2.99–8.02)
No30545
Radiology
 LocalisedYes371572.12 (1.35–3.33)
No56504
 TuberculomaYes12293.96 (1.93–8.12)
No66631
 Fibro-cavernousYes19762.15 (1.23–3.77)
No68585
 ≥2 damaged zonesYes334730.81 (0.51–1.28)
No50580
 ≥2 damaged zones/cavitiesYes385130.87 (0.51–1.28)
No46540
TB contact
 Any contactYes822901.68 (1.18–2.39)
No71422
Social and sexual history
 AlcoholYes1466412.34 (1.06–5.20)
No772
 JaundiceYes46456.38 (4.03–10.10)
No107668
 HCV/HBVYes511412.13 (1.45–3.13)
No97571
 Unprotected sexYes312240.55 (0.36–0.84)
No122485
 GonorrhoeaYes15411.80 (0.97–3.35)
No135665
  • +ve: positive; -ve: negative; RR: relative risk; CI: confidence interval; SOB: shortness of breath; HCV: hepatitis C virus; HBV: hepatitis C virus.