Table. 1—

Demographic, clinical and social parameters of prisoners with tuberculosis(TB)

VariableResponding prisoners nn (%)
Sex1342
 Male1327 (98.9)
 Female15 (1.1)
Age#1336
Ethnicity1333
 Russian1111 (83.3)
Residence
 Homeless131920 (1.5)
 Own flat1334910 (68.2)
 Common flat133433 (2.5)
 Hostel133410 (0.8)
 Wooden house1333360 (27.1)
 Share accommodation with other adults13451173 (87.2)
 Sharing with children1345260 (19.3)
Clinical
 Active pulmonary TB13361114 (83.4)
 Productive cough13391119 (83.6)
 Weight loss1335420 (31.5)
 Night sweats1336370 (27.7)
 Fever1332277 (20.8)
 Shortness of breath1338705 (52.7)
 Chest pain1335652 (48.8)
 Fatigue/weakness13381066 (79.7)
Contact with TB cases1338551 (41.2)
 Home+1338204 (15.2)
 Workplace4786 (1.3)
BCG vaccination12091195 (98.8)
Radiology zones affected
 ≥2 damaged zones1252552 (44.1)
 ≥2 damaged zones and/or cavities1253604 (48.2)
Treatment§
 Previous drug therapy or currently on therapy for >4 weeks13391214 (90.7)
 Surgical treatment134021 (1.6)
Sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections
 HIV positive1344164 (12.2)
 Hepatitis B or C infection1327320 (24.1)
 Jaundice1337221 (16.5)
 Any STI1327354 (26.7)
  Gonorrhoea132385 (6.4)
  Syphilis1327116 (8.7)
  Chlamydia8724 (0.5)
Recreational drugsf1334648 (48.6)
 Cocaine58917 (2.9)
 Marijuana600116 (19.3)
 Amphetamine5897 (1.2)
 Opiate645552 (85.6)
  By injection642567 (88.3)
  Injecting and sharing needles532214 (40.2)
Smoking
 Current smoker13391293 (96.6)
  Cigarettes1292632 (81.8)
 Ex-smoker130421 (1.6)
Alcohol consumptionf13391238 (92.5)
 Every day1235144 (11.7)
Social activities
 Visiting saunas1325775 (58.5)
 Visit pubs/clubs1327670 (50.5)
 Visit church115641 (3.5)
  • BCG: bacille Calmette–Guérin; STI: sexually transmitted infection. #: median (interquartile range) 31 yrs (25–39); : no modern conveniences; +: parents, grandparents, uncles, aunts, siblings, partners; §: this includes conventional TB drug chemotherapy, surgical management, and “pathogenetic/physiotherapeutic” treatments (e.g. laser, UV light, electrical) unique to the Russian TB system; ƒ: self-reported only.