Table 3—

Preventing transmission

Interventions directly targeting HIV* (and therefore indirectly TB)Interventions directly targeting TB
Safer drug use
 Harm reduction
 Substitution therapy
Safer sex
 Condom promotion
 Reducing the number of sexual partners
Voluntary counselling and testing
Prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infections
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission
Antiretroviral therapyDiagnosing and treating infectious cases#
Safe blood
Universal precautions#Environmental measures#