Table 2—

Proportion of patients with diagnosis of HIV infection concurrent with diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) by demographic and epidemiological characteristics

Patient characteristicsNo. with concurrent HIV‐TB diagnosis/total (%)Adjusted odds ratio# (95% CI)p‐value
Patients n81/271
Sex
 Male65/221 (29.4)3.46 (1.34–8.91)0.01
 Female16/50 (32.0)1.00 (ref.)
Age yrs
 20–3024/43 (55.8)1.03 (0.37–2.88)ns
 31–4032/137 (27.5)0.51 (0.24–1.09)ns
 >4025/91 (27.5)1.00 (ref.)
Country of birth
 Italy28/177 (15.3)1.00 (ref.)
 Other54/94 (57.4)4.71 (2.19–10.11)<0.001
HIV transmission category
 IDUs11/130 (8.5)1.00 (ref.)
 Heterosexual contacts34/76 (44.7)6.67 (2.88–15.45)<0.001
 MSM18/39 (46.2)3.72 (1.39–10.01)0.009
 Other/unknown18/26 (69.2)21.68 (6.54–71.89)<0.001
  • IDUs: injecting drug users

  • MSM: males who have sex with males

  • #: estimated in a logistic regression model including the variables listed in the table