Table 6—

Treatment and care

Interventions directly targeting HIV* (and therefore indirectly TB)Interventions directly targeting TB
Antiretroviral therapy#Rifampicin-containing anti-TB regimen#
Cotrimoxazole prophylaxisDirectly observed treatment#
Prevention of fungal infection
Treatment of common infections (pneumonia, diarrhoea and Candida Albicans)
Treatment of tumours (Kaposi's sarcoma and lymphoma)
Nutritional supplementation
Treatment of less common infections
Treatment of complications (including TB)#
Palliative care
  • *: these may target high-risk behaviour, environments or communities

  • #: these services require collaboration between national HIV/AIDS programmes and national TB programmes