Table 1

Comparison with other studies

Author [first ref.]Hanly 8Andreas 11Traversi 12Lanfranchi 9Sin 10Current study
PopulationNSCHF unitHTx unitCHF unitNSHTx unit
Subjects n163660626678
Follow-up months443224282651
Mortality %50 (Tx)393029 (Tx)39 (Tx)40
CSA definitionAnyTST >20AnyAI >30AHI >15AHI >5
Age yrs645455575953
BMI kg·m−22725NSNSNS27
Isch. %1001170536553
Female %0163141022
LVEF %232023232020
PrognosticYes (p=0.04)NoNoYes (p=0.03)Yes (p=0.03)No
NYHA 2:3:4 %0:100:0NS33:53:13NS≥3=40#28:55:17
  • CSA: central sleep apnoea

  • BMI: body mass index

  • Isch.: ischemic cardiomyopathy

  • LVEF: left ventricular ejection fraction

  • NYHA: New York Heart Association

  • NS: not stated

  • CHF: congestive heart failure

  • HTx: heart transplant

  • Tx: transplant

  • TST: total sleep time

  • AI: apnoea index

  • AHI: apnoea/hypopnoea index

  • #: 40% of patients had NYHA grades 3 or 4