Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the two treatment groups

Self-management groupControl group
Patients n127121
Age yrs65±765±7
BMI kg·m−227±427±4
Number of exacerbations in year preceding study1.4±1.51.3±1.6
Smoking status
 Current smokers2826
Lung function post bronchodilation
 FEV1 L1.71±0.561.76±0.54
 FEV1 % pred of normal56.1±15.458.4±14.5
 VC L3.89±0.853.77±0.84
Inhaled corticosteroid use6564
Long-acting β‐agonists use4645
Total score SGRQ37±1838±17
6‐min walking test m#428±91442±83
Education level
  • Data are presented as mean±sd or % unless otherwise stated

  • All variables were measured at baseline unless otherwise stated

  • BMI: body mass index

  • FEV1: forced expiratory volume in one second

  • % pred: %predicted

  • VC: vital capacity

  • SGRQ: St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire

  • #: mean values were based on 122 and 118 patients in the intervention and control group, respectively