Table 3

Age-standardised (to 1999 population) mortalityrates per 100,000 for asthma (ICD‐9 493) or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (ICD‐9 490-2, 496) mentioned anywhere on the death certificate or as underlying cause of death

YearAsthma any mentionAsthma as underlying cause of deathCOPD any mentionCOPD as underlying cause of death
Male
 19939.74.6247.7144.7
 19949.33.9224.0127.3
 19959.33.4227.0132.7
 19968.33.2211.2122.8
 19977.93.4206.6121.2
 19987.33.1199.9114.6
 19997.02.9201.9117.4
Female
 199310.65.489.155.1
 19949.54.583.851.4
 19959.54.691.556.6
 19969.04.391.156.7
 19979.54.593.558.3
 19988.84.292.357.4
 19998.74.296.260.9