Table 4—

The mean healthcare costs per patient and year in 2001 Euros based on Dutch prices

TiotropiumIpratropiumDifference95% CI
Patients n344175
Inpatient days
 General ward359 (73)657 (127)−298−586c–−10
 ICU116 (100)26 (21)90−110–291
 Total475 (144)683 (132)−208−591–175
Unscheduled visits: pulmonologist30 (3)35 (5)−5−17–7
 GP20 (2)26 (3)−6−13–2
 Other HCP5 (2)17 (8)−12−27–3
 ER5 (1)13 (3)−8−15–2
 Total60 (5)91 (13)−31−57–5
Concomitant medication526 (20)511 (25)15−47–78
Rescue medication (Salbutamol)16 (1)19 (2)−3−7–1
Diagnostic/prognostic tests59 (12)76 (14)−17−54–17
Ambulance transport12 (4)41 (16)−29−60–4
Costs without study medication1148 (160)1421 (163)−273−721–174
Study medication573 (0)120 (0)453
Costs including study medication1721 (160)1541 (163)180−268–627
  • Data presented as mean (sem) unless otherwise stated

  • ICU: intensive care unit

  • GP: general practitioner

  • HCP: healthcare provider

  • ER: emergency room