Table 4—

(=)Characteristics of children with major complications during procedures n22

AgeUnderlying diseaseIndicationBronchoscopy findings
Isolated desaturation#
 4 monthsNoneChronic productive coughNormal
 4 monthsBronchopulmonary dysplasiaStridorTracheal stenosis
 6 monthsNoneRecurrent wheezy bronchitisNormal
 6 monthsNoneRecurrent wheezy bronchitisNormal
 9 monthsBronchopulmonary dysplasiaRecurrent wheezy bronchitisNormal
  2yrsEncephalopathyRecurrent bronchopneumoniaLaryngomalacia
  3yrsBronchopulmonary dysplasiaRecurrent wheezy bronchitisNormal
  6yrsNonePersistent pneumoniaBronchial inflammation
  7yrs'Downs syndromeRecurrent pneumoniaLaryngomalacia
  11yrsAsthmaRecurrent pneumoniaNormal
Laryngospasm with desaturation
 8 monthsLeft pulmonary artery slingStridorTracheal stenosis
  1yrBone marrow transplantationInterstitial pneumonitisTracheobronchial examination not performed
  3yrsNonePersistent pneumoniaTracheobronchial examination not performed
  4yrsBronchial hyperreactivityPersistent pneumoniaNormal
  5yrsBronchial hyperreactivityPersistent pneumoniaNormal
  18yrsHeart transplantationHaemoptysisSevere tracheomalacia
Coughing with desaturation+
 4 monthsBronchopulmonary dysplasiaUnilateral air trappingNormal
 4 monthsCongenital heart diseasePersistent atelectasisLaryngomalacia
 6 monthsNonePersistent wheezingNormal
 17 monthsOesophageal atresiaPersistent atelectasisSevere tracheomalacia
Bronchospasm with desaturation§
 5 monthsBronchopulmonary dysplasiaRecurrent atelectasisTracheobronchial examination not performed
Pneumothoraxƒ
  6yrsNoneBronchiectasisNormal
  • #(: arterial oxygen saturation Sa,O2)<%= 90, n10

  • : Sa,O2<%=90, n6

  • +: Sa,O2<%=90, n4

  • §: Sa,O2<%=90, n1

  • ƒ=: n1