Table 2—

Symptoms at presentation

NHAPCAP aged ≥65 yrsAll CAPp-value#
Subjects n40236397
Respiratory
 Cough25 (63)171 (72)297 (75)0.20
 Sputum production12 (30)*124 (53)*209 (53)0.02
 Dyspnoea23 (58)*175 (74)*259 (65)0.07
 Haemoptysis2 (5)7 (3)15 (4)0.40
 Pleuritic pain1 (2.5)*41 (17)*122 (31)0.03
General
 Fever10 (25)*29 (12)*81 (20)0.10
 Confusion12 (30)*29 (12)*49 (12)0.01
 ″Off legs″8 (20)42 (18)47 (12)1.00
 Diarrhoea2 (5)6 (3)22 (6)0.60
 Flu-like illness2 (5)14 (6)41 (10.3)0.60
  • Data are presented as n (%) unless otherwise stated

  • NHAP: nursing home acquired pneumonia

  • CAP: community acquired pneumonia

  • #: age-adjusted: comparing NHAP with all CAP

  • *: statistically significant difference (p <0.05, not age-adjusted)