Table 5

Nasal symptoms (per cent) due to different kinds of exposure in all subjects and in the different subgroups.

All subjects (n=8469)Self-reported Asthma (n=469)Self-reported Allergenic rhinitis/conjunctivitis (n=1732)Self reported CBE (n=392)Self-reported Allergic eczema (n=1240)Nonsmokers (n=1772)Smokers (n=996)
Recurren t or permanent nasal symptoms32.745.857.340.134.731.634.8 (p<0.05)
Nasal watery discharge16.736.945.929.827.816.716.6 (ns)
Thick yellow nasal discharge5.710.99.216.113.55.07.2 (p<0.05)
A blocked nose20.642.946.436.231.319.822.7 (p<0.05)
Sneezing17.640.752.029.327.317.318.2 (ns)
Itching7.220.925.012.510.17.27.3 (ns)
Pulmonary symptoms associated with nasal symptoms15.451.437.148.228.413.119.3 (p<0.05)
Nasal symptoms due to any extrinsic factors18.845.857.330.134.718.818.8 (ns)
Tree pollen6.926.730.410.516.37.06.7 (ns)
Grass pollen9.736.742.316.620.910.09.2 (ns)
Animals5.629.922.79.914.75.55.9 (ns)
Dust7.526.424.220.717.17.57.7 (ns)
Mould5.023.516.015.312.24.75.5 (ns)
Damp/cold air6.323.015.823.212.26.06.9 (ns)
Dry air6.013.615.214.312.65.86.5 (ns)
Tobacco fumes8.020.922.319.615.29.94.4 (p<0.05)
Strong smelling scents8.123.725.918.116.58.18.0 (ns)
Spicy food2.87.97.66.46.62.72.8 (ns)
Red wine2.46.66.56.44.42.52.1 (ns)
Stress3.010.97.212.16.72.73.6 (p<0.05)
  • ns: nonsignificant. p-values represent difference between smokers and nonsmokers.