Table 1

Control subjects and results of orientation studies

Subject numberAge monthsReason for anaestheticMean (range) of ciliary orientationNumber central pairs analysed
110TOF15.7(7.6–33.7)316
28PDA, VSD17.5(10.2–28.6)82
311TOF16.6(6.0–41.7)128
411PDA12.3(6.7–25.2)453
523Coarc12.9(7.6–18.7)334
623PDA14.9(7.2–24.4)234
712PA stenosis12.9(6.1–31.5)188
87AS16.6(9.1–37.7)294
  • AS: aortic stenosis

  • Coarc: coarctation of the aorta

  • PA stenosis: peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis

  • PDA: closure of patent arterial duct

  • TOF: tetralogy of Fallot

  • VSD: ventricular septal defect.