Table 2

Prevalence of allergic sensitization and mean daily intake of selected dietary constituents in various European adult populations

RAST+ %42.134.744.
Energy MJ9.19.810.710.710.
Protein g94798181817510172
Carbohydrates g218214257257257251211234
Alcohol g915161616189
Fat g931031171171149110186
SFA g·MJ−1 en%
MUFA g·MJ−1 en%
PUFA g·MJ−1 en%
Fish g·MJ−
Vitamin A mg·MJ−
Vitamin C mg·MJ−111.610.
Riboflavin mg·MJ−
Vegetable g·MJ−1?20.227.427.427.828.6
Fruit g·MJ−115.210.810.811.017.814.6
  • Age-sex standardized prevalence of atopy defined as sensitivity to at least one of five allergens: Dermatophagoides pteronvssinus, timothy grass, cat, cladosporium herbarum and a local allergen. Burney et al. 1

  • Majem et al. 23, Brasche et al. 24, Brants et al. 26, Westenbrink et al. 20, Cade et al. 27, Bonifaci et al. 22, M. Gerber (personal communication), Nydahl et al. 21

  • Mean daily intake in southern area of the Netherlands was used for Bergen-op-Zoom and Geleen

  • percentages of total energy intake from macronutrients (en %) were calculated using the following factors: 1 g protein=17 kJ, 1 g fat=37 kJ, 1 g carbohydrates=17 kJ, 1 g alcohol=29 kJ. Nutrient density (g or mg, MJ)=mean daily intake of a nutrient/mean daily intake of energy

  • SFA: saturated fatty acids

  • MUFA: monounsaturated fatty acids

  • PUFA: polyunsaturated fatty acids.