Table 1– Univariate analysis# between predictive variables and recurrence of tuberculosis (TB) pneumothorax
VariableCases nRecurrence of pneumothoraxp-value
YesNo
All patients4711 (23.4)36 (76.6)
Sex
 Male4310 (90.9)33 (91.7)0.670
 Female41 (9.1)3 (8.3)
Age yrs4742.8±14.947.7±15.80.717
i.v. drug abuse122 (18.2)10 (27.8)0.703
Alcoholism195 (45.5)14 (38.9)0.737
Smoker367 (63.6)29 (80.6)0.256
Social indigence73 (27.3)4 (11.1)0.330
Pneumonia51 (9.1)4 (11.1)0.668
COPD111 (9.1)10 (27.8)0.416
HBV10 (0.0)1 (2.8)0.766
HCV41 (9.1)3 (8.3)0.670
HIV31 (9.1)2 (5.6)0.560
Mediastinal adenopathies52 (18.2)3 (8.3)0.332
Pulmonary atelectasis134 (36.4)9 (25.0)0.467
Bronchiectasis173 (27.3)14 (38.9)0.373
Pleural effusion60 (0)6 (16.7)0.181
Caverns216 (54.5)15 (41.7)0.505
Active TB215 (45.5)16 (44.4)0.610
Incomplete TB treatment266 (54.5)20 (57.1)0.575
Pulmonary destruction256 (54.5)19 (52.8)0.857
Pulmonary infiltrates339 (81.8)24 (66.7)0.464
Pleural thickening265 (45.5)21 (58.3)0.505
Bronchopleural fistula103 (27.3)7 (19.4)0.430
Granulomas145 (45.5)9 (25.0)0.177
Pachypleuritis244 (36.4)20 (57.1)0.229
Calcium plaques104 (36.4)6 (16.7)0.164
Surgery134 (36.4)9 (25.0)0.353
  • Data are presented as n (%) or mean±sd, unless otherwise stated. COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; HBV: hepatitis B virus; HCV: hepatitis C virus. #: using the Chi-squared test.