TABLE 1

Patients characteristics and medical history at inclusion

Patients characteristicsAsthmatics (n=37)Controls (n=75)p-value
Age (years)54 (42–67)60 (52–70)0.019
Gender, male/female11 (30)/26 (70)49 (65)/26 (35)<0.001
BMI (kg·m−2)28.3 (26.8–31.5)28.7 (26.8–31.2)#0.856
Tobacco exposure:
 Current/former smokers12 (32)18 (24)0.343
 Never smokers25 (68)57 (76)0.343
Comorbid conditions
1. Obesity13 (36)24/65 (37)0.901
 Class I (30 ≤BMI <35)517
 Class II (35 ≤BMI <40)64
 Class III (BMI ≥40)230.613
2. Overweight (25 ≤BMI <30)18 (49)35/65 (54)0.161
3. Hypertension10 (27)32 (43)0.834
4. Diabetes7 (19)17 (23)1.000
5. Renal failure3 (8)6 (8)
 Dialysis23
 Nephrectomy101.000
6. Coronary heart disease2 (5)6 (8)0.253
At least two of the six15 (41)35/67 (52)

Quantitative data are expressed as median (IQR). IQR is presented as first quartile (Q1) – third quartile (Q3). Qualitative data are expressed as number of occurrence, n (% of total). In case of variable with missing data, the number of patients with available information is specified. BMI: body mass index; GINA step refers to the treatment strategy proposed in the 2020 Global Initiative for Asthma report [8]; IQR: interquartile range.

#65 available data.