TABLE 1

Demography and Clinical Presentation in Patients with COVID-19 pneumonia#

CharacteristicTotal (n=179)Deceased (n=21)Survivors (n=158)p value
Age, years57.6±13.770.2±7.756.0±13.5<0.001
Sex, n (%)0.642
 Male97 (54.2)10 (47.6)87 (55.1)
 Female82 (45.8)11 (52.4)71 (44.9)
Underlying diseases, n (%)
 Hypertension58 (32.4)13 (61.9)45 (28.5)0.005
 Cardiovascular or cerebrovascular diseases29 (16.2)12 (57.1)17 (10.8)<0.001
 Diabetes33 (18.4)6 (28.6)27 (17.1)0.231
 Chronic digestive disorders21 (11.7)4 (19.0)17 (10.8)0.279
 Tuberculosis8 (4.5)0 (0)8 (5.1)0.599
 Chronic hepatic or renal insufficiency4 (2.2)2 (9.5)2 (1.3)0.068
 Peripheral vascular disease4 (2.2)2 (9.5)2 (1.3)0.068
 Malignancy4 (2.2)1 (4.8)3 (1.9)0.396
Symptom, n (%)
 Fever177 (98.9)21 (100)156 (98.7)1.000
 Dry Cough146 (81.6)14 (66.7)132 (83.5)0.074
 Dyspnea89 (49.7)18 (85.7)71 (44.9)<0.001
 Fatigue71 (39.7)13 (61.9)58 (36.7)0.033
 Sputum production55 (30.7)12 (57.1)43 (27.2)0.010
 Gastrointestinal symptoms39 (21.8)8 (38.1)31 (19.6)0.087
 Myalgia34 (19.0)7 (33.3)27 (17.1)0.083
 Headache17 (9.5)5 (23.8)12 (7.6)0.033
 Hemoptysis10 (5.6)0 (0)10 (6.3)0.609
 Systolic blood pressure, mmHgNot available122.4±18.6
 Diastolic blood pressure, mmHgNot available77.9±10.0
Temperature, ℃, n (%)0.156
 <37.3109 (60.9)16 (76.2)93 (58.9)
 ≥37.370 (39.1)5 (23.8)65 (41.1)
Respiratory rate, breath·min−120.0 (20.0‒21.0)20.0 (20.0‒34.5)20.0 (20.0‒21.0)0.016
Heart rate, beat·min−186.0 (78.0‒100)94.0 (78.0‒109.5)85.5 (78.0‒99.3)0.150

#Data are reported as Mean±sd, median interquartile (IQR), or n (%) as appropriate.