TABLE 2

Demographics and clinical characteristics of patients with 1 or ≥2 comorbidities

Variables1 comorbidity (n=269)≥2 comorbidities (n=130)
Age (years)58.2±13.166.2±12.2
Incubation period (days)3.2±3.14.0±5.2
Temperature on admission (℃)37.4±0.937.1±0.9
Respiratory rate on admission (breath·min−1)21.4±4.621.2±5
Heart rate (bit·minute−1)90.2±14.687.2±13.7
Systolic pressure on admission (mmHg)132.2±16.5135.3±19.4
Diastolic pressure on admission (mmHg)81.7±12.579.5±12.9
Highest temperature (℃)38.2±3.038.4±0.8
Sex
 Male158/268 (59.0)79/128 (61.7)
 Female110/268 (41.0)49/128 (38.3)
Smoking status
 Never/unknown234/269 (87.0)118/130 (90.8)
 Former/current35/269 (13.0)12/130 (9.2)
Symptoms
 Fever241/263 (91.6)108/125 (86.4)
 Conjunctival congestion3/222 (1.4)0/109 (0)
 Nasal congestion5/213 (2.3)9/107 (8.4)
 Headache34/220 (15.5)20/106 (18.9)
 Dry cough195/258 (75.6)82/124 (66.1)
 Pharyngodynia33/218 (15.1)13/100 (13.0)
 Productive cough101/241 (41.9)49/119 (41.2)
 Fatigue97/227 (42.7)52/107 (48.6)
 Hemoptysis4/219 (1.8)3/105 (2.9)
 Shortness of breath79/232 (34.1)67/121 (55.4)
 Nausea/vomiting23/236 (9.7)13/110 (11.8)
 Diarrhea11/229 (4.8)7/107 (6.5)
 Myalgia/arthralgia45/227 (19.8)15/104 (14.4)
 Chill25/222 (11.3)9/105 (8.6)
Signs
 Throat congestion4/216 (1.9)1/97 (1)
 Tonsil swelling5/234 (2.1)4/118 (3.4)
 Enlargement of lymph nodes1/232 (0.4)0/116 (0)
 Rash0/231 (0)1/115 (0.9)
 Unconsciousness3/240 (1.3)6/118 (5.1)
Abnormal chest image
 Radiograph63/269 (23.4)27/130 (20.8)
 Computed tomography200/269 (74.3)96/130 (73.8)
Hubei
 Yes120/269 (44.6)93/130 (71.5)
 No149/269 (55.4)37/130 (28.5)
Wuhan-contacted
 Yes229/269 (85.1)122/130 (93.8)
 No40/269 (14.9)8/130 (6.2)
Severity79/269 (29.4)52/130 (40.0)
Composite endpoint40/269 (14.9)37/130 (28.5)
Deaths15/269 (5.6)20/130 (15.4)
Admission to ICU31/269 (11.5)23/130 (17.7)
Invasive ventilation17/269 (6.3)14/130 (10.8)

Data are mean±standard deviation, n/N (%), where N is the total number of patients with available data.

COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; ICU: intensive care unit.