TABLE 3

Characteristics of cases in whom the case of death was tuberculosis (TB), with concomitant TB disease at death and with Mycobacterium tuberculosis detection without histological evidence of TB

TB as cause of deathConcomitant TBM. tuberculosis DNA detectionOthers (no TB findings)Total
Subjects313118143223
Sex
 Male13 (41.9)20 (64.5)7 (38.9)55 (38.5)95 (42.6)
 Female18 (58.1)11 (35.5)11 (61.11)88 (61.5)128 (57.4)
Study group
 Children3 (9.7)8 (25.8)3 (16.7)40 (28.0)54 (24.2)
 Maternal deaths5 (16.1)5 (16.1)5 (27.8)42 (29.4)57 (25.6)
 Adults23 (74.2)18 (58.1)10 (55.6)61 (42.7)112 (50.2)
HIV status#
 Positive23 (76.7)#20 (64.5)6 (35.3)#71 (49.7)95 (43.0)
 Negative7 (23.3)#11 (35.5)11 (64.7)#72 (50.3)126 (57.0)
History of TB
 Yes6 (19.4)4 (12.9)1 (5.6)7 (4.9)18 (8.1)
 No25 (80.6)27 (87.1)17(94.4)136 (95.1)105 (91.9)
On anti-TB treatment prior to admission
 Yes4 (13.3)+4 (12.9)0 (0.0)+6 (4.4)+14 (6.4)
 No26 (86.7)+27 (87.1)17 (100)+136 (95.6)+206 (93.6)
Reported fever at admission
 Yes17(54.8)19 (61.3)7 (38.9)49 (35.5)92 (42.2)
 No14(45.2)12 (38.7)11 (61.1)89 (64.5)126 (57.8)
Reported cough at admission
 Yes20 (64.5)9 (29.0)2 (11.1)28 (20.3)59 (27.1)
 No11 (35.5)22 (71.0)16 (88.9)110 (79.7)159 (72.9)

Data are presented as n or n (%). #: HIV status could not be ascertained in two cases (one in the group who died of TB, and the other among those with M. tuberculosis detection; : fever or cough was not recorded in five cases. M. tuberculosis detection included patients in whom M. tuberculosis DNA was detected without histological evidence of TB; +: information was not available in three cases.