TABLE 3

Radiology results for the computed tomography (CT) of the thorax group

CT: radiologist 1CT: radiologist 2Final CT resultHIV-positiveHIV-negativep-valueChest radiography resultSensitivity# %Specificity# %PPV# %NPV# %
Subjects737373264773
Fungal ball12 (16.4)7 (9.6)11 (15.1)3 (11.5)8 (17)0.7369 (12.3)36.491.944.489.1
Cavitation41 (56.2)32 (43.8)35 (47.9)9 (34.6)26 (55.3)0.14232 (43.8)77.186.884.480.5
Paracavitary fibrosis24 (32.9)30 (41.1)28 (38.4)6 (23.1)22 (46.8)0.07720 (27.4)5086.77073.6
Pleural thickening49 (67.1)64 (87.7)48 (65.8)14 (53.8)34 (72.3)0.12931 (42.5)60.49293.554.8
Nodule(s)68 (93.2)58 (79.5)62 (84.9)20 (76.9)42 (89.4)0.183
Bronchiectasis64 (87.7)44 (60.3)54 (74.0)16 (61.5)38 (80.9)0.096
Destroyed lung3 (4.1)3 (4.1)3 (4.1)1 (3.8)2 (4.3)1

Data are presented as n or n (%), unless otherwise stated. PPV: positive predictive value; NPV: negative predictive value. Nodules, bronchiectasis and destroyed lung were not reported for chest radiography. #: of chest radiography for identification of CT of the thorax findings. All p-values calculated by Fisher's exact test. p<0.05 considered significant.