TABLE 2

Baseline characteristics of four groups stratified according to adherence and asthma control at follow-up (Asthma Control Test (ACT) score)

Good adherence (≥80%)Suboptimal adherence (<80%)
Group 1 (ACT ≥20)Group 2 (ACT <20)Group 3 (ACT ≥20)Group 4 (ACT <20)
Patients22 (24)17 (18)24 (26)30 (32)
Age years11.5±2.811.6±3.812.2±2.512.2±3.3
Male16/22 (73)10/17 (59)18/24 (75)18/30 (60)
Caucasian13/22 (59)12/17 (71)10/24 (42)16/30 (53)
Atopic18/22 (82)16/17 (94)20/24 (83)28/30 (93)
BMI kg·m–218 (14–29)20 (14–30)21 (15–39)20 (14–32)
Smoke exposure: yes6/22 (27)3/17 (18)3/24 (13)6/30 (20)
FEV1 % pred88.3±15.487.6±24.783.7±19.286.6±17.3
BDR %7.4 (0–59)6.1 (0–52)9.2 (0–123)8.5 (0–49)
FENO ppb18 (5–111)53 (6–175)35.5 (13–122)42.5 (6–118)
mPAQLQ score6.2 (3–7)3.9 (2–6.9)6.3 (2.3–7)4.1 (2.2–7.0)#

Data are presented as n (%), mean±sd, n/N (%) or median (range). BMI: body mass index; FEV1: forced expiratory volume in 1 s; BDR: bronchodilator reversibility; FENO: exhaled nitric oxide fraction; mPAQLQ: mini Paediatric Quality of Life Questionnaire.