TABLE 4

Comparison of associations of childhood atopy and atopic asthma with maternal free sugar intake during pregnancy versus paternal intake after pregnancy

Free sugar intakep-trend
Quintile 1Quintile 2Quintile 3Quintile 4Quintile 5Per quintile
Atopy n=3063
 Maternal free sugar intake during pregnancy
  Adjusted OR# (95% CI)1.001.04 (0.78–1.38)1.16 (0.87–1.55)1.33 (0.98–1.82)1.64 (1.14–2.37)1.13 (1.04–1.23)0.004
  Adjusted OR (95% CI)1.001.02 (0.77–1.36)1.15 (0.86–1.53)1.31 (0.96–1.79)1.61 (1.11–2.33)1.13 (1.04–1.22)0.005
 Paternal free sugar intake after pregnancy
  Adjusted OR# (95% CI)1.001.12 (0.84–1.50)1.28 (0.95–1.73)1.36 (0.99–1.86)1.16 (0.81–1.68)1.05 (0.97–1.14)0.22
  Adjusted OR (95% CI)1.001.10 (0.82–1.47)1.25 (0.93–1.69)1.30 (0.95–1.78)1.10 (0.76–1.59)1.04 (0.96–1.13)0.34
Atopic asthma n=2830
 Maternal free sugar intake during pregnancy
  Adjusted OR# (95% CI)1.002.11 (1.26–3.52)1.18 (0.66–2.11)2.82 (1.60–4.96)2.01 (1.01–4.00)1.17 (1.02–1.36)0.03
  Adjusted OR (95% CI)1.002.13 (1.27–3.57)1.17 (0.65–2.11)2.80 (1.58–4.94)1.96 (0.98–3.93)1.17 (1.01–1.35)0.04
 Paternal free sugar intake after pregnancy
  Adjusted OR# (95% CI)1.000.99 (0.60–1.62)1.26 (0.75–2.11)1.47 (0.87–2.48)0.92 (0.48–1.77)1.04 (0.90–1.21)0.55
  Adjusted OR (95% CI)1.000.96 (0.59–1.59)1.23 (0.73–2.06)1.39 (0.82–2.35)0.87 (0.45–1.69)1.03 (0.89–1.19)0.72

#: controlling only for previously mentioned potential confounders; : mutually adjusting for maternal free sugar intake during pregnancy and paternal free sugar intake after pregnancy, in addition to previously mentioned potential confounders