TABLE 1

Details of tuberculosis (TB) diagnoses obtained by mass chest radiograph (CXR) screening

Origin (WHO TB incidence rate per 100 000; 95% CI)Screened refugeesMedian (IQR) age years; females %CXRs suspicious of TB; n (proportion; 95% CI)TB rates per 100 000 (95% CI)
Afghanistan (189; 122–270)4331 (11%)23.8 (19.5–30.8); 24.9%20 (0.46%; 0.28–0.71%)139 (51–302)
Iraq (43; 38–49)5403 (14%)26.6 (22.1–34.2); 30.3%14 (0.26%; 0.14–0.43%)37 (4–134)
Pakistan (270; 175–386)856 (2%)28.1 (23.7–33.4); 4.8%4 (0.47%; 0.12–1.2%)234 (28–846)
Syria (20; 15–25)9622 (25%)28.2 (21.9–36.8); 27.8%19 (0.20%; 0.12–0.31%)31 (6–91)
Eritrea (65; 30–113)937 (2%)23.6 (20.5–27.8); 24.4%9 (0.96%; 0.44–1.82%)640 (235–1394)
Gambia (174; 131–223)3281 (9%)22.8 (19.8–27.1); 1.9%16 (0.49%; 0.28–0.79%)336 (168–600)
Nigeria (322; 189–488)1030 (3%)28.4 (23.5–33.4); 22.0%3 (0.29%; 0.06–0.85%)97 (2–542)
Somalia (274; 177–391)375 (1%)21.9 (18.8–27.1); 26.7%7 (1.87%; 0.75–3.84%)1075 (293–2753)
Russian federation (80; 69–92)263 (0.7%)32.2 (25.7–42.0); 46.8%2 (0.76%; 0.09–2.74%)0.00 (0.00–1413)
Non-EU Eastern Europe (15–42; NA)6010 (16%)31.0 (23.7–39.9); 39.6%16 (0.27%; 0.15–0.43%)166 (80–306)
  • WHO: World Health Organization; IQR: interquartile range; EU: European Union. Non-EU Eastern Europe countries include Albania (n=2382), Bosnia-Herzegovina (n=509), Macedonia (n=1311), Serbia (n=976), Montenegro (n=55) and Kosovo (n=777). A total of 5836 refugees were from other countries. TB prevalence among those refugees was 118/100 000 (95% CI 48–245). WHO TB incidence data were obtained from the WHO Global Tuberculosis Report [4].