TABLE 3

Underlying cause of death when sarcoidosis was listed as a nonunderlying cause of death, for the period 2002–2011

MaleFemaleTotal
Subjects372489861
Cardiovascular disease65 (17.5)80 (16.4)145 (16.8)
 Pulmonary embolism4 (1.1)6 (1.2)10 (1.2)
 Cerebrovascular disease10 (2.7)13 (2.7)23 (2.7)
 Ischaemic heart disease34 (9.1)23 (4.7)57 (6.6)
 Other17 (4.6)38 (7.8)55 (6.4)
Chronic disease78 (21.0)86 (17.6)164 (19.0)
 Respiratory disease
  Lung fibrosis11 (3.0)12 (2.5)23 (2.7)
  Pulmonary arterial hypertension3 (0.8)10 (2.0)13 (1.5)
  Chronic respiratory insufficiency18 (4.8)10 (2.0)28 (3.3)
 Autoimmune disease1 (0.3)12 (2.5)13 (1.5)
 Heart disease30 (8.1)24 (4.9)54 (6.3)
 Hepatic disease11 (3.0)8 (1.6)19 (2.2)
 Renal disease4 (1.1)10 (2.0)14 (1.6)
Infectious disease32 (8.6)57 (11.7)89 (10.3)
 Pneumonia or sepsis16 (4.3)21 (4.3)37 (4.3)
 Tuberculosis6 (1.6)10 (2.0)16 (1.9)
 Aspergillosis2 (0.5)02 (0.2)
 Other infections8 (2.2)26 (5.3)34 (3.9)
Neoplasm97 (26.1)116 (23.7)213 (24.7)
 Haematologic malignancy17 (4.6)24 (4.9)41 (4.8)
 Lung cancer26 (7.0)13 (2.7)39 (4.5)
 Other solid malignant neoplasm54 (14.5)79 (16.2)133 (15.4)
Other100 (26.9)150 (30.7)250 (29.0)
  • Data are presented as n or n (%).