TABLE 1

Reference details and study characteristics of the 60 studies included in the present systematic review

First author [ref.]YearStudy designSubjects nIntervention typePA measurement
Altenburg [25]2015RCT155PA counsellingPedometer Yamax Digi-Walker SW-200
Barberan-Garcia [26]2014Non-RCT143PR plus telehealth careNonvalidated self-reported physical activity questionnaire
Bauldoff [27]2002Experimental/RCT24Walking programmePedometer 342 and daily logs
Behnke [28]2005Non-RCT88Walking programmeAccelerometer Trictrac-R3D
Bendstrup [29]1997RCT32PR programmeActivities of Daily Living score specific for COPD
Berry [30]2010RCT176PR programme plus self-managementThe Community Health Activities Model Program for Seniors
Borges [31]2014RCT29Resistance trainingAccelerometer DynaPort Minimod
Breyer [32]2010RCT60Walking programmeAccelerometer DynaPort Activity Monitor
Casaburi [33]2012RCT22Oxygen therapyAccelerometer RT3
Coronado [34]2003Non-RCT15PR programmeAccelerometer ADXL05
Dal Negro [35]2010RCT32Nutritional supplementationAccelerometer SenseWear Armband PRO3
Dal Negro [36]2012RCT88Nutritional supplementationAccelerometer SenseWear Armband PRO3
Dallas [37]2009Non-RCT45PR programmePedometer NL-200 Activity Monitor
Daly [38]2011Pilot/non-RCT8NMESAccelerometer RT3
de Blok [10]2006Pilot/RCT21PA counselling plus PR programmePedometer Yamax Digi-Walker SW-200
Duiverman [39]2008RCT66Nocturnal NIPPV plus PR programmePedometer Yamax Digi-Walker SW-200
Duiverman [40]2011RCT56Nocturnal NIPPV plus physiotherapyGroningen Activity and Restriction Scale
Effing [41]2011RCT153PR programme plus self-managementPedometer Yamax Digi-Walker SW-200
Egan [42]2012Non-RCT47PR programmeAccelerometer Sense Wear Armband PRO3
Engström [43]1999RCT50PR plus walking programmeSickness Impact Profile
Faager [44]2004Pilot/RCT20PR programmeStanford Health Assessment Questionnaire
Faulkner [45]2010Pilot/RCT14PR programme plus PA counselling7-day physical activity recall questionnaire
Goris [46]2003RCT20Nutritional supplementationAccelerometer Tracmor
Hataji [14]2013Pilot/non-RCT23BronchodilatorAccelerometer Lifecorder
Hospes [47]2009RCT35PA counsellingPedometer Yamax Digi-Walker SW-200
Kesten [48]2008RCT46BronchodilatorNonvalidated activity questionnaire
Kozu [49]2011Non-RCT45PR programmeActivities of Daily Living score
Larson [50]2014RCT49Resistance trainingActigraph 7164
Mendoza [51]2015RCT102PA counsellingTanita PD724 pedometer
Mercken [52]2005Non-RCT11PR programmeAccelerometer Physical Activity Monitor (Pam)
Mohammadi [53]2013RCT106Home-based rehabilitationBarthel Index
Moy [54]2010Non-RCT24PA counsellingPedometer Omron HJ-720ITC
Moy [55]2012Pilot/non-RCT27PA counsellingPedometer Omron HJ-720ITC
Nguyen [11]2009Pilot/RCT17PA counsellingAccelerometer Stepwatch 3 Activity Monitor
Nield [56]2005Non-RCT48PR programmeHuman Activity Profile
Nield [57]2007RCT40Breathing exercisesHuman Activity Profile
Ninot [58]2007Non-RCT23PR programmePhysical Self Inventory-6
Nishijima [59]2015Non-RCT18BronchodilatorLifecorder Ex 4-second version
Pitta [8]2008Non-RCT29PR programmeAccelerometer DynaPort Activity Monitor
Pleguezuelos [60]2013RCT125PA counsellingDiary card
Pomidori [61]2012RCT36Walking programmeAccelerometer SenseWear Armband PRO3
Probst [62]2011RCT40PR programmeAccelerometer DynaPort Activity Monitor and SenseWear Armband PRO3
Ries [63]1995RCT119PR programmeAdapted form of the self-efficacy questionnaire
Sandland [64]2008RCT20Oxygen therapyAccelerometer Gaehwiler Z80–32k V1
Sewell [65]2005RCT180PR programmeAccelerometer Gaehwiler Z80–32k V1 and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure
Sewell [66]2010RCT95PR programmeAccelerometer Gaehwiler Z80–32k V1
Shioya [67]2008RCT17BronchodilatorLondon Chest Activities of Daily Living Scale
Skumlien [68]2008Non-RCT40PR programmeHyrim Physical Activity Questionnaire and Glittre ADL-test
Steele [69]2003Non-RCT38PR programmeAccelerometer Tritrac R3D
Steele [70]2008RCT102Walking programme plus PA counsellingAccelerometer RT3 and Walking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire
Tabak [71]2013Pilot study/RCT30PA counsellingPedometer Yamax Digi-Walker SW-200
Takigawa [72]2007Non-RCT225PR programmeNonvalidated scale
Troosters [73]2014RCT457BronchodilatorAccelerometer SenseWear Armband PRO3
Varga [74]2007Non-RCT71Home-based/continuous/interval exercise trainingNonvalidated scale
Vergeret [75]1989RCT159Oxygen therapyNonvalidated questionnaire
Walker [76]2008Non-RCT23PR programmeAccelerometer Actiwatch and Dynaport Activity Monitor and Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living scale
Watz [77]2014RCT83BronchodilatorAccelerometer SenseWear Armband
Weekes [12]2009RCT59Nutritional supplementationTownsend score
Wewel [78]2008Non-RCT21PA counsellingPedometer Kasper & Richter GmbH & Co. and accelerometer ActiTrac-Monitor
Yohannes [79]2003RCT110Walking programme plus oxygen therapyThe Barthel ADL index
  • PA: physical activity; RCT: randomised controlled trial; PR: pulmonary rehabilitation; COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; NMES: neuromuscular electrical stimulation; NIPPV: noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. Additional information on the patients’ characteristics, performed interventions and methods of measuring PA is presented in supplementary table S1.