TABLE 1

Clinical characteristics of patients with right heart thrombi (RiHT), control cohort and propensity score-matched (PSM) controls

Control cohortPSM controlsAll RiHTHRPEp-value (HRPE versus nHRPE)nHRPEIRPEp-value (IRPE versus LRPE)LRPE
Subjects963276138311078324
Age years64±1865±1762±1963±210.8761±1962±200.2358±18
Female/male542/421126/15069/6917/140.5452/5538/450.2814/10
sBP mmHg127±24124±26109±2574±12<0.0001119±19118±190.61120±18
Heart rate bpm91±21102±23103±22117±18<0.05102±22102±220.0192±19
SaO2 %93±1192±791±686±90.0291±689±160.5091±7
Comorbidities#176 (18)65 (24)76 (55)16 (51)0.6660 (56)44 (53)0.3416 (66)
Shock index0.75±0.290.87±0.331.00±0.21.59±0.39<0.00010.86±0.20.88±0.240.010.74±0.21
sPESI score ≥1/0600/363198/78122/1631/0<0.0591/1673/100.2118/6
sPESI score1.06±1.081.4±1.21.4±0.93.0±0.9<0.00011.4±0.91.4±0.90.241.2±1.0
RiHT shape S/O/P81/44/1322/7/20.2259/37/1147/26/100.2112/11/1
RiHT mobility M/I118/2030/10.0888/1966/170.2922/2
RiHT size ≤5/>5 cm98/4020/110.3778/2960/230.9918/6
RiHT protruding into PFO14 (10)3 (10)0.8111 (10)9 (11)0.982 (8)
  • Data are presented as n, mean±sd or n (%), unless otherwise stated. HRPE: high-risk pulmonary embolism; nHRPE: non-HRPE; IRPE: intermediate-risk pulmonary embolism; LRPE: low-risk pulmonary embolism; sBP: systolic blood pressure; SaO2: arterial oxygen saturation; sPESI: simplified Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index; S: snake-like; O: oval; P: perimural; M: mobile; I: immobile; PFO: patent foramen ovale. #: congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, neoplasms.