TABLE 1

Aetiologies of bronchiectasis across multiple case series

First author  [ref.]Subjects nCountry, yearIdiopathicPost- infectiveImmuno- deficiencyCOPDCTDIBDGORDAsthmaABPAGenetic/congenitalOther
Quint [9]18 793UK, 201534136#112.843#1.8HIV=7
Guan [18]148China, 2015462091153
Qi [19]476China, 201566194
McDonnell [20]155UK, 20153721710632711
Goeminne [16]245Belgium, 2014322071711265
Chalmers [21]13104 EU countries, 201443207286
Anwar [22]189UK, 20134324112521343
Pasteur [23]150UK, 200053308314733
Nicotra [24]123USA, 1995304241
  • Aetiologies were extracted from selected case series of bronchiectasis. Data are presented as %, unless otherwise stated. COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CTD: connective tissue disease (and/or rheumatoid arthritis); IBD: inflammatory bowel disease; GORD: gastro-oesophageal reflux disease; ABPA: allergic bronchopulmonary asthma; EU: European Union. #: either comorbidities or aetiologies (see Quint et al. [9]). Adapted from a slide provided by J. Chalmers (University of Dundee, Dundee, UK).