Management of pulmonary hypertension in left heart disease

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  • COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CTEPH: chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension; DPG: diastolic pressure gradient; LHD: left heart disease; LV: left ventricular; PE: pulmonary embolism; PH: pulmonary hypertension; PVR: pulmonary vascular resistance. aClass of recommendation. bLevel of evidence. cReference(s) supporting recommendations.