Table 3– Group data for dyspnoea and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) at isotime during the endurance shuttle walk test (ESWT)
BaselineStudy completionWithin groupBetween groupANCOVA p-value
WalkingControlWalkingControlWalkingControl
Dyspnoea score4.5±2.04.2±1.73.9±1.84.1±1.7-0.6 (-0.1– -1.0)*-0.1 (-0.6–0.4)0.5 (-0.2–1.2)0.13
RPE score4.5±2.04.6±2.04.2±1.74.4±1.7-0.4 (-0.8–0.0)-0.2 (-0.8–0.5)0.2 (-0.48–0.95)0.52
  • Data are presented as mean±sd or mean difference (95% CI), unless otherwise stated. Isotime was defined as the end time of the pre- or post-intervention ESWT, whichever was the shorter. *: significant difference within groups (p<0.05).