Table 1– Characteristics of the participant hospitals in the European COPD Audit
GlobalSmall hospitalsMedium hospitalsLarge hospitalsp-value#
Total eligible sites425140145140
Beds per centre562.2 (247.9–1099.0) (n=425)220 (122–269.7) (n=140)479.04 (400–528.1) (n=145)989 (714–1448.5) (n=140)<0.001
Catchment population habitants442 415.7 (115 052.2–2 040 000) (n=420)279 421.54 (85 192.5–1 378 666.6) (n=138)406 630 (83 356.07–2 024 714.2) (n=143)6 414 052 (142 338.5–2 060 000) (n=139)<0.001
University/teaching hospital %57.3 (31.6–100) (n=424)36.4 (0–87.5) (n=140)55.2 (33.3–100) (n=145)80.6 (50–100) (n=139)<0.001
Public hospital %92.9 (60.9–100) (n=424)87.1 (42.9–100) (n=140)94.5 (73.3–100) (n=145)97.1 (62.5–100) (n=139)0.003
Hospitals with ICU %91.3 (70.0–100) (n=424)75.7 (62.5–100) (n=140)98.6 (96–100) (n=145)99.3 (97.9–100) (n=139)<0.001
Beds in ICU n12.6 (6.6–24.2) (n=303)8.43 (4.5–32) (n=82)9.75 (6.6–19.2) (n=110)18.7 (6–33) (n=111)<0.001
Spirometry available %98.6 (94.7–100) (n=424)97.9 (89.5–100) (n=140)98.6 (96–100) (n=145)99.3 (97.9–100) (n=139)0.602
Hospitals with respiratory ward %81.4 (0–100) (n=424)60.7 (25–100) (n=140)87.6 (33.3–100) (n=145)95.7 (0–100) (n=139)<0.001
Hospitals with respiratory team %89.6 (53.1–100) (n=424)81.4 (40–100) (n=140)94 (40–100) (n=145)96.4 (85.7–100) (n=139)<0.001
  • Data are presented as n or mean (intercountry range), unless otherwise stated. COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; ICU: intensive care unit. #: calculated by Chi-squared test or ANOVA, as appropriate.