Table 4 Risk factors for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB)
Tested nMDR-TB %UnivariateMultivariate
OR (95% CI)p-valueOR (95% CI)p-value
Sex
 Male15748.4Ref.
 Female6746.30.9 (0.5–1.6)0.769
Age group yrs
 ≤242060.0Ref.
 25–345450.00.7 (0.3–1.5)0.3110.7 (0.3–1.6)0.354
 35–445238.50.4 (0.2–0.9)0.0320.3 (0.1–0.7)0.006
 45–546155.70.8 (0.4–1.8)0.6570.6 (0.3–1.5)0.298
 55–642250.00.7 (0.3–1.7)0.3890.7 (0.2–1.8)0.416
 ≥651520.00.2 (0.1–0.5)0.0030.1 (0.0–0.4)0.001
Country of birth
 Belarus21348.4Ref.
 Abroad1136.40.6 (0.2–2.1)0.441
Treatment history
 New15635.3Ref.
 Previously treated6876.56.0 (3.1–11.4)0.0007.4 (4.3–12.7)0.000
Education
 University2147.6Ref.
 College9654.21.3 (0.5–3.3)0.587
 Secondary school10043.00.8 (0.3–2.1)0.698
 Primary school or lower540.00.7 (0.1–5.3)0.759
 Unknown20.0
Size of household
 12955.2Ref.
 25947.50.7 (0.3–1.8)0.497
 36541.50.6 (0.2–1.4)0.222
 43951.30.9 (0.3–2.2)0.751
 ≥52548.00.8 (0.3–2.2)0.599
 Unknown757.11.1 (0.2–5.7)0.925
History of imprisonment
 No18247.8Ref.
 Yes4146.30.9 (0.5–1.9)0.866
 Unknown1100.0
Smoking in the past 5 yrs
 No6550.8Ref.
 Yes15846.20.8 (0.5–1.5)0.535
 Uunknown1100.0
  • Ref.: reference.