RT Journal Article
SR Electronic
T1 Low-dose computed tomography for the diagnosis of pneumonia in elderly patients: a prospective, interventional cohort study
JF European Respiratory Journal
JO Eur Respir J
FD European Respiratory Society
SP 1702375
DO 10.1183/13993003.02375-2017
VO 51
IS 5
A1 Prendki, Virginie
A1 Scheffler, Max
A1 Huttner, Benedikt
A1 Garin, Nicolas
A1 Herrmann, François
A1 Janssens, Jean-Paul
A1 Marti, Christophe
A1 Carballo, Sebastian
A1 Roux, Xavier
A1 Serratrice, Christine
A1 Serratrice, Jacques
A1 Agoritsas, Thomas
A1 Becker, Christoph D.
A1 Kaiser, Laurent
A1 Rosset-Zufferey, Sarah
A1 Soulier, Valérie
A1 Perrier, Arnaud
A1 Reny, Jean-Luc
A1 Montet, Xavier
A1 Stirnemann, Jérôme
YR 2018
UL http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/51/5/1702375.abstract
AB The diagnosis of pneumonia is challenging. Our objective was to assess whether low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) modified the probability of diagnosing pneumonia in elderly patients.We prospectively included patients aged over 65 years with a suspicion of pneumonia treated with antimicrobial therapy (AT). All patients had a chest radiograph and LDCT within 72 h of inclusion. The treating clinician assessed the probability of pneumonia before and after the LDCT scan using a Likert scale. An adjudication committee retrospectively rated the probability of pneumonia and was considered as the reference for diagnosis. The main outcome was the difference in the clinician's pneumonia probability estimates before and after LDCT and the proportion of modified diagnoses which matched the reference diagnosis (the net reclassification improvement (NRI)).A total of 200 patients with a median age of 84 years were included. After LDCT, the estimated probability of pneumonia changed in 90 patients (45%), of which 60 (30%) were downgraded and 30 (15%) were upgraded. The NRI was 8% (NRI event (−6%) + NRI non-event (14%)).LDCT modified the estimated probability of pneumonia in a substantial proportion of patients. It mostly helped to exclude a diagnosis of pneumonia and hence to reduce unnecessary AT.Low-dose CT modified the estimated probability of pneumonia in a substantial proportion (45%) of elderly patients http://ow.ly/V1ha30jvOMk