Table 1– Infection control implementation in tuberculosis (TB) reference centres of five European countries, 2009–2010
Infection control areasEuropean cohortGroup 1 countryGroup 2 countryGroup 3 countryGroup 4 countryGroup 5 countryp-value
Investigation of previous TB diagnosis performed186/200 (93)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)26 (65)<0.001
Investigation of contacts performed160/200 (80)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)0 (0)<0.001
Diagnostic algorithm correctly applied189/200 (94.5)39 (97.5)40 (100)40 (100)38 (95)32 (80)0.001
Administrative measures adequate and implemented193/200 (96.5)38 (95)40 (100)40 (100)39 (97.5)36 (90)0.103
Environmental measures adequate and implemented73/200 (36.5)38 (95)0 (0)5 (12.5)30 (75)0 (0)<0.001
Infection control committee implemented160/200 (80)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)0 (0)<0.001
Surveillance system for drug resistance implemented200/200 (100)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)
Staff personal protective measures implemented199/200 (99.5)40 (100)39 (97.5)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)
Cough etiquette implemented160/200 (80)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)0 (0)<0.001
Respirators and other personal protection equipment available200/200 (100)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)
Training of staff in infection control performed160/200 (80)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)40 (100)0 (0)<0.001
  • Data are presented as n (%), unless otherwise stated. Groups 1–5 represent countries (not necessarily in this order) in the former Soviet Union with an intermediate incidence of TB (two groups), in northern Europe with a low incidence of TB, in southern Europe with a low incidence of TB, and in southern Europe with an intermediate incidence of TB (one group each).