5

Respiratory symptoms and disease associations with urban or rural areas

Area typeSubjects nChronic coughChronic phlegmRecurrent wheezingEver wheezingAsthmaRespiratory disease
Urban1447339 (24.9)133 (9.4)146 (10.2)213 (14.9)60 (4.1)187 (17.2)
Rural1844413 (22.8)167 (9.3)161 (8.9)252 (14.0)75 (4.1)220 (16.4)
OR0.940.990.860.930.980.94
95% CI0.80–1.120.77–1.270.67–1.100.76–1.140.68–1.410.76–1.18
  • Data are presented as n (%) unless otherwise stated

  • OR: odds ratio

  • CI: confidence interval