TABLE 1

Aggregated annual direct and indirect costs and the value of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) lost for European Union countries 2011 by disease

 Direct costs# € bnIndirect costs € bnMonetised value of DALYs lost € bnTotal costs € bn
COPD23.325.193.0141.4
Asthma19.514.438.372.2
Lung cancer3.35NA103.0106.4
TB0.54++5.375.9
OSAS5.21.9NA7.1
Cystic fibrosis0.6NANA0.6
Pneumonia/ALRI2.5NA43.546.0
Total55.041.4283.2379.6

Data are given in billions (bn) of euros at 2011 values. COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; TB: tuberculosis; OSAS: obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome; ALRI: acute lower respiratory infections; NA: not available. #: primary care, hospital outpatient and inpatient care, drugs, and oxygen; : lost production including work absence and early retirement; +: indirect costs included with direct costs.