TABLE 1

Main topics of pulmonary exercise haemodynamics discussed by the working groups

Requirement for a definition of normal versus abnormal exercise haemodynamics
Assessment of exercise haemodynamics by right heart catheter
Assessment of exercise haemodynamics by echocardiography
Assessment of exercise haemodynamics by CPET
Exercise haemodynamics in healthy subjects
Exercise haemodynamics in patients at risk of pulmonary hypertension
Exercise haemodynamics in patients with borderline PAP elevation
Exercise haemodynamics in manifest pulmonary hypertension
Pulmonary exercise haemodynamics in patients with left heart disease
Pulmonary exercise haemodynamics in patients with lung disease
Pressure–flow relationship and ventriculo-arterial coupling during exercise

CPET: cardiopulmonary exercise testing; PAP: pulmonary arterial pressure.